(Investigator 109, 2006 July)
The ancient Greeks believed that thinking occurred in the stomach and that the head functioned as a cooling chamber for the blood.
Hippocrates (460-357 BC),
known as the Father
of Medicine, mentioned this belief and disagreed with it:
It ought to be generally
known that the source
of our pleasure, merriment, laughter and amusement, as of our grief,
anxiety and tears, is none other than the brain. It is specially the
which enables us to think, see and hear, and to distinguish the ugly
the beautiful, the bad and the good, pleasant and unpleasant. (Ibid p.
The brain is the seat of the mind's government. (Ibid p. 159)
The Bible avoided ancient
its teaching about the heart and the head:
The word "heart" occurs
about 900 times in
the Bible. The word is nearly always used figuratively, rarely
W E Vine wrote:
The New Combined Bible
(1) It is the center of the physical workings of the body, that on which life depends. ( I Kin. 21:7; Acts 14:17)
(2) It is spoken of as the seat of the emotions, such as joy and sorrow (Is. 65:14), fear (Ps. 143:4), hate (Lev. 19:17), and love (I Tim. 1:5). When a person turns from God it is his heart that is hardened (Is. 63:17). If one opens his heart to Christ, it can be the dwelling place of Christ (Eph. 3:17) and the Holy Spirit (II Cor. 1:22)
Lord looketh on the h.,
I Sam. 16:7.
h. with all diligence. Prov. 4:23.
h. is deceitful above all, Jer. 17:9.
there will your h. be Matt. 6:21.
the abundance of the h. Matt. 12:34.
God with all thy h. Matt. 22:37.
Not your h. be troubled, John 14:1.
The h. man believeth, Rom. 10:10.
Love with a pure h. I Pet. 1:22.
The King James "Holy
I Daniel was grieved in my
spirit in the
midst of my body, and the visions of my head troubled me.
"Head" is the correct translation. We can confirm this from concordances such as Young’s Analytical Concordance and the Englishman’s Hebrew and Chaldee Concordance. (See references)
Additional references to "visions" in the "head" are in Daniel 2:28; 4:5, 10, 13.
The visions of Daniel’s "head" included speech within the visions – Daniel 8:13-15.
Therefore we can conclude
that visual and
verbal thinking occur in the head. And this is confirmed by science.
MORE BIBLE COMMENT
The Apostle Paul illustrated that Christians should live in harmony by comparing Christians to various parts of the body such as the foot, hand, ear and eye. (I Corinthians 12)
In particular Paul says: "Now you [members of the church] are the body of Christ and individually members of it." (v. 27)
Elsewhere Paul writes: "Christ is the head of the church, his body…" (Ephesians 5:23)
For the analogy of Christ
as "head of the
church [or body]" to be valid, the literal head of a person would have
to be what controls the body. The head determines or decides what the
parts such as the foot, hand, ear and eye will do:
Another reference to the
head is in Ecclesiastes:
Examining these verses suggests that the word "darkness" in "the fool walks in darkness" refers to folly. And the word "eyes" in the phrase "eyes in his head" refers to wisdom.
It follows that "the wise
man has eyes –
i.e. wisdom – in his head."
Visual and verbal thinking, the control of the body, and wisdom are all located in the head.
The ancient belief that thinking occurs in the stomach and the head merely cools the blood was false.
There are hundreds of
other instances of
The Bible turning out correct and other sources wrong. This is
happening in the 20th and 21st centuries as
in 100 editions of Investigator Magazine.
1983, Penguin Books,
Pfeiffer, C 1965 The New Combined Bible Dictionary and Concordance, Baker Book House
Healy, J F (Translator) 1991 Pliny the Elder, Natural History, Penguin
Unger, M F 1966 Unger's Bible Dictionary, Moody Press
Vine, W E 1981 Vine's Expository Dictionary of Old and New Testament Words, Fleming H Revell Company
Wigram, G Englishman's Hebrew and Chaldee Concordance of the Old Testament, Samuel Bagster and Sons, p. 1142
Young, R 1939 Analytical Concordance To The Holy Bible, Lutterworth.