Parallels between Jesus and Horus
often claim that Jesus is a copy of pagan gods, and Horus is one of
For instance, the following claims have been made of Horus:
conceived by a virgin mother named Meri, and had a stepfather named Seb
born in a cave, his birth announced by an angel, heralded by a star and
attended by shepherds
Attended a special rite of passage at the age of twelve and there
is no data on the child from the age of 12 to 30
baptized in a river at the age of 30, and his baptizer was later
Performed miracles, exorcized demons, raised someone from the
dead, walked on water
called "Iusa", the "ever-becoming son" and the "Holy Child"
Delivered a "Sermon on the Mount", and his followers recounted
transfigured on the Mount
crucified between two thieves, buried for three days in a tomb, and was
"Way", "the Truth the Light", "Messiah", "God's Anointed Son", "Son of
Man", "Good Shepherd", "Lamb of God", "Word made
flesh", "Word of
Truth", "the KRST" or "Anointed One"
fulfil the Law, and was supposed to reign one thousand years
parallels with Jesus actually real?
background, Horus was an
Egyptian god who was worshipped from at least the Pre-dynastic period
(i.e before 3000BC) up until Greco-Roman times. He was usually
portrayed as the son of Isis and Osiris. He was opposed to Set and was
the patron of the Pharaoh. He was the god of the sun, war and
protection. He was depicted as a falcon-headed man. If you read general
descriptions about Horus, he does not seem particularly similar to
parallels between Horus
and Jesus were first proposed by Gerald Massey (1828-1907). These
assertions influenced various later writers such as Alvin Boyd Kuhn,
Tom Harpur, Dr.Yosef ben-Jochannan, and Acharya S. These writers
assumed that Massey's works were authoritative.
For instance, Tom Harpur did not consult original sources but relied on
quotations from Massey and Kuhn. In Harper's book, The Pagan Christ,
Harper states, "[Author Gerald] Massey discovered nearly two hundred
instances of immediate correspondence between the mythical Egyptian
material and the allegedly historical Christian writings about Jesus.
Horus indeed was the archetypal Pagan Christ." The series of claims
about primarily based on Massey's material. However, was Massey
was brought up in a
poor environment but educated himself in his spare time. During the
later years of his life, (from about 1870 onwards) Massey became
interested in Egyptology and in what he perceived as the similarities
that exist between ancient Egyptian mythology and the Gospel stories.
He studied the extensive Egyptian records housed in the British Museum,
eventually teaching himself to decipher the hieroglyphics, but he was
self-taught and did not have formal qualifications in Egyptology. He
published several books, but the most famous were The Natural
Genesis, and Ancient Egypt: The Light of the World, in
which he argued for the supposed parallels between Jesus and Horus.
works were never
considered significant in the field of Egyptology and modern
Egyptologists completely reject Massey's connections between Horus and
Jesus. In addition a prominent Egyptologist has described Kuhn's work
as "fringe nonsense".
All of the supposed claims of parallels between Jesus and Horus are
completely false and are founded on claims from people who had no
formal qualifications in Egyptology and were looking to confirm their
own theories. It has just been a great way to sell books to those who
are willing to believe the lie. I could step through each of the
supposed parallels and show why each is contrived, invented or the
result of a vivid imagination, but this is quite a tedious process and
can be easily verified by numerous sources on the web.
general, the whole field
of comparative religious studies thrived at the end of the 19th century
and the beginning of the 20th century. However, this movement has since
been discredited and is no longer considered seriously by Biblical and
historical scholars, even though it still flourishes through populist
books and sceptical websites.
have been many
articles in the Investigator Magazine that have pushed this
line and there will probably be more in the future, but "it ain't
necessarily so". The whole idea that pious Jewish writers would copy
what they considered to be detestable pagan idolatry is inherently
Jesus is solidly embedded within the Jewish heritage. If you do your
research, you will invariably find that the claims are false. For a
brief and entertaining summary of the supposed parallels, google "Horus
Ruins Christmas Satire". For a more serious presentation on this issue,
see "Did NT writers copy pagan religions?" by Dr Stephen Spence at