SOLOMON and SHEBA
(Investigator 146, 2012
biblical story of the
Queen of Sheba visiting King Solomon (I Kings 10; II Chronicles 9) in
the 10th century BC has received some indirect scientific backing.
Ethiopians found that some genomes had components in common with people
of the eastern Mediterranean and that the gene flow occurred about 3000
years ago. Furthermore, of the four language families of Ethiopia, one
came from the Middle East also about 3000 years ago.
reported in New
Scientist (30 June, 2012, p. 15) which cited The American
Journal of Human Genetics.
Bible refers to five
men named Sheba of whom three may have founded kingdoms:
Shebas probably intermingled somewhat in Arabia, Sudan and Ethiopia. It
is uncertain therefore which Sheba gave rise to the Kingdom of Sheba
ruled in Solomon’s time by the Queen of Sheba.
- Sheba (son
Ramah, son of Cush, son of Ham, son of Noah) (Genesis 10:6-7; I
- Sheba (son
Joktan, son of Eber, son of Shelah, son of Arpachshad, son of Shem, son
of Noah) apparently founded the Sabeans in southern Arabia (Genesis
10:21-28; I Chronicles 1:22).
Abraham by his second wife, Keturah (Genesis 25:1-3; I Chronicles
persists on whether the country of the Queen of Sheba was located in SW
Arabia (i.e. Yemen) or across the Red Sea in Ethiopia. The story of
Solomon having a son with her is Ethiopian tradition not mentioned in
evidence is therefore qualified by uncertainties.