Two articles appear below:
1 History…Rewritten Dean R. Dowling
2 History Preserved Anonymous
DESTROYED, CREATED AND REWRITTEN
Dean R. Dowling
(Investigator 111, 2006 November)
The present day Da Vinci Code film might be inaccurate on some points but it does raise the basic question was Jesus married and to Mary Magdalene?
John 2:1–11 writes there was a wedding at Cana in Galilee (near Nazareth?) when Jesus converted 6 jars of water each holding on average 25 gallons into 60 extra dozen bottles of claret. Some wedding.
Bishop Shelby Spong in his "Born of a Woman" pages 190ff shows there are clues left in the tampered texts which indicate it was Jesus’ marriage to Mary Magdalene.
Roman Emperor Constantine in 325 A.D. ordered the Council of Nicaea of about 300 bishops to stop the warring factions of Christians fighting over the nature and divinity of Jesus. ("The Jesus Scroll" Donovan Joyce, Ferret Books. page 23 ff)
One faction the logos, regarded Jesus as Divine, but subordinate to the Father. Another faction, Adoptionism, regarded Jesus born of a man, but was adopted and raised to divine God level at Baptism (Mark 1:9) and this was the principal feast of the early Church. Another tolerant faction, the Gnostics, even had women as priests.
The Gnostics’ writings were
destroyed in 367 A.D. under the orders of the Bishop of Alexandria, Athanasius,
but were rediscovered in 1945, stored in ancient jars at Nag Hammadi in
They have also discovered the ancient papyrus remnants of the Gospel of Thomas, the Gospel of Philip, The Gospel of Mary (Magdelene), the Gospel of Judas. Other factions were Arianism, Anpollinarianism, Monophysitism, Nestorian, Sabellian, Paulicians, Modalists.” (Pears Cyclopaedia)
But the winning
Since political power was now absolute, the losing factions were later declared heretical and were given the usual loving Christian treatment for heretics. (Lv 24:16; Mark 16:16; Dt. 13:13) — burning alive at the wheel or stake, unless they gave other heretics names (dobbing in) and hence were “shown the mercy of God” by first being killed before burning, "Deus Caritas Est" "God is Love" Pope Benedict XVI, 2006???
The 15th – 18th century woodcuts and engravings of the torture methods are shown in Arthur Frederick Ide’s book "Unzipped—the Popes Bare All" pages 140 ff. Page 154
"the reproductive organs of both male and female were the first objects of torture — while men were, in the mercy of God, strangled or otherwise killed, women were fried alive. The most bestial pain producing tortures were uniformly reserved for the female usually after sodomising and raping."
People who say this all occurred a long time ago conveniently forget that the Resurrection occurred even further back in time
The deep psychological need to believe in religious fairy tales, spirits, Gods or a God is historically universal, contrary to reason and evidence, and is so utterly depressing and is not helped by Professor Richard Dawkins saying that all religious belief is a form of insanity.
Response to Dean Dowling (#111)
(Investigator 117, 2007 November)
JESUS NOT MARRIED
There is no
statement in the Bible that Jesus married Mary Magdalene at the
Mr Dowling claims that the marriage of Jesus and Mary is not mentioned because of "tampered text". This can't be taken seriously, however, without consulting the pre-tampered text, but Mr Dowling cannot refer us to it.
To uncover "tampered text" is the work of the "textual critics". Their job is to compare thousands of ancient biblical manuscripts and, where variations occur, work out the original. This topic — how reliably modern Bibles reflect the 1st century writings — was debated in Investigator 96-99 and summarized in #107.
textual critics is the scientific approach. We cannot reasonably ignore them in
By consulting the "Various Readings" of textual critics in the Englishman's Greek Concordance of the New Testament I checked for
variations in the
According to John 2, Jesus was "invited" (2:2) to the marriage feast which wouldn't be the case if he was the groom because then he'd do the inviting! Nor was Mary Magdalene present since she joined Jesus' ministry some time later. Jesus converting of water to wine at the feast was "the first of his signs" (2:11) whereas Mary M was healed of "seven devils" (Luke 8:1-2), itself a noteworthy sign, after the "first …sign". Note also that after the party Jesus left with his mother, not with his wife! (2:12)
WINNING FACTION TAMPERING?
Dowling also claimed that after the Council of Nicaea "new authorised versions were written to incorporate the theology of the authoritarian winning faction". This too needs to be tested against the findings of the textual critics.
doctrine of the Trinity, which became orthodox doctrine at
When arguing against that doctrine, Unitarians often use standard Bible translations including the King James Bible. For Unitarians to be able to do this means that any "tampering" was minimal.
1 John 5:7 in the King James Bible, however, is an actual case of tampering. It's a pro-Trinity text someone mischievously added to the Scriptures. This particular tampering, however, is not known from subjective "clues" but from the textual critics. Therefore modern Bible translations leave it out.
The original Bible writers for the Old Testament were all Israelites. (Romans 3:2) The New Testament writers were Apostles (all of whom were Israelites) and their companions in ministry. Luke 1:2 speaks of "those who from the beginning were eye-witnesses and ministers of the word". Since Apostles and other eyewitnesses had ordinary life-spans this implied a limited period to complete the New Testament. Jude seems the final official document since Jude suggests, by using the past tense, that the Apostles were deceased. (Verse 17)
Subsequent writings — Gnostics in the 2nd century and all the way to the 20th century — are therefore not part of the Bible.
Dowling's article moved on to "loving Christians" who tortured and burned people at the stake.
The Apostle Peter wrote:
But false prophets also arose among the people, just as there will be false teachers among you, who will secretly bring in destructive heresies…and because of them the way of the truth will be reviled. (2 Peter 2:1-3)
The New Testament repeatedly warns that "false prophets" would come and distort the Christian message. Jesus even predicted that his genuine followers and the false would be indistinguishable and finally require the "angels" to sort them out. (Matthew 13:24ff)
People can, however, make approximate identification: Followers of Christ avoid the sins listed in Revelation 21:8 and 1 Corinthians 6:9-11. Also Jesus said: "By this everyone will know that you are my disciples, if you have love for one another." (John 13:35)
Clearly any "loving Christians" who "tortured and burned" others over religious disagreement were not "loving Christians".
Finally Dowling mentioned the "deep psychological need to believe". However, there is also a deep psychological need to rebel:
Evil people seek only rebellion… (Proverbs 17:11)
But this people has a stubborn and rebellious heart. (Jeremiah 5:23)
It's possible to have a "psychological need to believe" and yet still be correct in one's beliefs and, likewise, it's possible to have a "need to rebel" and yet correctly evaluate what one rebels against. Being influenced by a "need", if indeed that is occurring, does not rule out accuracy.
Whether or not the Bible is accurate is determined by testing it point by point, anything testable, by consulting scientific research. In my c.100 articles in Investigator I've done this and proved the Bible incredibly reliable.
Wigram, G. W. Englisman’s Greek Concordance of the New Testament, Ninth Edition, Samuel Bagster & Sons, London